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Travelling with plants

Certain restrictions must be observed in the importation (including transit) of plants, plant products, fruit, wood, seeds, soil and compost.

Plants, plant products, wood, seeds, soil, compost, etc. from a non-EU country must under certain conditions be examined at the border by the Plant Protection Service. Entry is possible only at those customs offices where such a service is established. 

Already before you leave the country, you must apply for registration at the relevant office of the Plant Protection Service. You will also need a phytosanitary certificate issued by the competent foreign authority.

Exemptions exist solely for 50 cut flowers originating in European and Mediterranean countries per person, provided that they are not used for commercial purposes, and that there is no risk of harmful organisms spreading.

There are no exceptions for goods originating in non-European countries (except Mediterranean countries)!

Please note in this context that for phytosanitary purposes the Canary Islands and the French overseas departments, as well as Ceuta and Melilla, are considered third countries.

For phytosanitary reasons there are also import prohibitions, e.g. generally for citrus plants or vines. This means: Importation of these goods cannot take place under any circumstances.

Also pay attention to any species protection regulations!

Invasive alien species

Certain plants and reproductive parts of such plants (seeds, rooted cuttings and young plants) may also be subject to an import  prohibition because they belong to invasive alien species.

A species is alien if it is a species that has been imported into the EU from its natural range and can survive and subsequently reproduce here. An alien species is invasive if its introduction or spread endangers or adversely affects biodiversity and related ecosystem services. In addition, invasive alien species can have significant adverse effects on human health and on economy.

Importation of certain plants and their reproductive parts into the EU has therefore been banned. For details and further information please see